Causes of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders
It is always advisable to come see our specialist at Milltown Dental Clinc, so they can fully assess your situation. There are numerous possible causes of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders.
- Excessive grinding and clenching of teeth, which puts a lot of pressure on the joint.
- Unnecessary movement or displacement of a part of the joint (joint disc).
- Arthritis or Inflammation of the joint.
- Stress which can cause you to clench unknowingly.
- Poor posture
- Bad bite caused by uneven restorations
Signs & Symptoms
Most often, people are not aware that they have Temporomandibular Disorder because one or all signs and symptoms may occur. If you experience any of the listed signs & symptoms below, visit our dental clinic for proper diagnosis.
- Clicking or popping sound when your jaw opens and closes
- Pain in the face, jaw or ears
- Difficulty in opening and closing mouth
- Restricted opening of mouth
- Jaws “lock” or get stuck in the open-and-close motion
- Swelling on one side or both sides of the face
- Frequent unintended cheek, tongue and lip biting
- Jaws feel tired when chewing
How TMJ affects children and adults?
According to TMJ.ORG, approximately 12% of the population in the United States are affected by TMD.
Children and adults with temporomandibular disorder tend to be cranky when facial pain is felt. They also have trouble in speaking and eating. It will also be hard for them to undergo long dental procedures because the joint will feel tensed.
Since the temporalis muscle is attached to the jaw joint and head, severe clenching and teeth grinding can cause intense headache that might affect the performance of children and adults in school or work.
After Effects of Dental Crown treatment
There is no single treatment to eliminate temporomandibular disorder. The dentist may recommend one or more of the following:
Home remedies can help relieve TMD symptoms such as:
- Taking pain relievers like ibuprofen and naproxen.
- Applying warm or cold ice pack to affected side can relieve pain and swelling. It is applied for 10 minutes every hour until the swelling subsided.
- Eat soft food (i.e. yoghurt, mashed potatoes, scrambled eggs) and avoid food that requires opening the mouth widely.
- Avoid extreme jaw movements like yawning widely and chewing ice.
- Don’t rest your chin on your hand.
- Avoid clenching.
- Medications. The dentist might need to prescribe higher doses of painkillers or anti-anxiety medications to prevent excessive clenching.
- Dental Splint and/or TMJ Night Mouthguard. Mouthguards are custom-fitted appliances used to protect the teeth from getting damaged due to excessive clenching or teeth grinding. Dental splints are worn the whole day while TMJ nightguards are worn during sleep. Teeth grinding can cause excessive stress to the jaw joint and even to teeth.
Mouthguards are made by taking a mould or impressions of your upper and lower teeth. These moulds will be used to make a stone model of your teeth where a mouthguard will be designed and fabricated to ensure accurate fit.
- Dental Restorations. The dentist will repair or replace old restorations that cause improper contact of upper and lower teeth when biting. Improper bite or malocclusion increases tension to the muscle around the jaw joint or even displacing a segment of the jaw joint.
Also, gaps caused by missing teeth will be replaced with dentures or fixed bridges to prevent tilting, drifting or overeruption of remaining teeth which can cause bite problems.
- Orthodontics Treatment (i.e. braces) may be placed to correct malocclusion of teeth and prevent
- TENS, or transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, uses a low-level electrical current to prevent pain relief by relaxing jaw joint and muscles.
- Trigger point injections are made by administering local anaesthesia to relieve pain caused by tensed muscles around the jaw joint.